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getServerSideProps is a Next.js function that can be used to fetch data and render the contents of a page at request time.


You can use getServerSideProps by exporting it from a Page Component. The example below shows how you can fetch data from a 3rd party API in getServerSideProps, and pass the data to the page as props:

import type { InferGetServerSidePropsType, GetServerSideProps } from 'next'
type Repo = {
  name: string
  stargazers_count: number
export const getServerSideProps = (async () => {
  // Fetch data from external API
  const res = await fetch('')
  const repo: Repo = await res.json()
  // Pass data to the page via props
  return { props: { repo } }
}) satisfies GetServerSideProps<{ repo: Repo }>
export default function Page({
}: InferGetServerSidePropsType<typeof getServerSideProps>) {
  return (

When should I use getServerSideProps?

You should use getServerSideProps if you need to render a page that relies on personalized user data, or information that can only be known at request time. For example, authorization headers or a geolocation.

If you do not need to fetch the data at request time, or would prefer to cache the data and pre-rendered HTML, we recommend using getStaticProps.


  • getServerSideProps runs on the server.
  • getServerSideProps can only be exported from a page.
  • getServerSideProps returns JSON.
  • When a user visits a page, getServerSideProps will be used to fetch data at request time, and the data is used to render the initial HTML of the page.
  • props passed to the page component can be viewed on the client as part of the initial HTML. This is to allow the page to be hydrated correctly. Make sure that you don't pass any sensitive information that shouldn't be available on the client in props.
  • When a user visits the page through next/link or next/router, Next.js sends an API request to the server, which runs getServerSideProps.
  • You do not have to call a Next.js API Route to fetch data when using getServerSideProps since the function runs on the server. Instead, you can call a CMS, database, or other third-party APIs directly from inside getServerSideProps.

Good to know:

Error Handling

If an error is thrown inside getServerSideProps, it will show the pages/500.js file. Check out the documentation for 500 page to learn more on how to create it. During development, this file will not be used and the development error overlay will be shown instead.

Edge Cases

Edge Runtime

getServerSideProps can be used with both Serverless and Edge Runtimes, and you can set props in both.

However, currently in the Edge Runtime, you do not have access to the response object. This means that you cannot — for example — add cookies in getServerSideProps. To have access to the response object, you should continue to use the Node.js runtime, which is the default runtime.

You can explicitly set the runtime on a per-page basis by modifying the config, for example:

export const config = {
  runtime: 'nodejs', // or "edge"
export const getServerSideProps = async () => {}

Caching with Server-Side Rendering (SSR)

You can use caching headers (Cache-Control) inside getServerSideProps to cache dynamic responses. For example, using stale-while-revalidate.

// This value is considered fresh for ten seconds (s-maxage=10).
// If a request is repeated within the next 10 seconds, the previously
// cached value will still be fresh. If the request is repeated before 59 seconds,
// the cached value will be stale but still render (stale-while-revalidate=59).
// In the background, a revalidation request will be made to populate the cache
// with a fresh value. If you refresh the page, you will see the new value.
export async function getServerSideProps({ req, res }) {
    'public, s-maxage=10, stale-while-revalidate=59'
  return {
    props: {},

However, before reaching for cache-control, we recommend seeing if getStaticProps with ISR is a better fit for your use case.