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App Router...FunctionsuseReportWebVitals


The useReportWebVitals hook allows you to report Core Web Vitals, and can be used in combination with your analytics service.

'use client'
import { useReportWebVitals } from 'next/web-vitals'
export function WebVitals() {
  useReportWebVitals((metric) => {
import { WebVitals } from './_components/web-vitals'
export default function Layout({ children }) {
  return (
        <WebVitals />

Since the useReportWebVitals hook requires the "use client" directive, the most performant approach is to create a separate component that the root layout imports. This confines the client boundary exclusively to the WebVitals component.


The metric object passed as the hook's argument consists of a number of properties:

  • id: Unique identifier for the metric in the context of the current page load
  • name: The name of the performance metric. Possible values include names of Web Vitals metrics (TTFB, FCP, LCP, FID, CLS) specific to a web application.
  • delta: The difference between the current value and the previous value of the metric. The value is typically in milliseconds and represents the change in the metric's value over time.
  • entries: An array of Performance Entries associated with the metric. These entries provide detailed information about the performance events related to the metric.
  • navigationType: Indicates the type of navigation that triggered the metric collection. Possible values include "navigate", "reload", "back_forward", and "prerender".
  • rating: A qualitative rating of the metric value, providing an assessment of the performance. Possible values are "good", "needs-improvement", and "poor". The rating is typically determined by comparing the metric value against predefined thresholds that indicate acceptable or suboptimal performance.
  • value: The actual value or duration of the performance entry, typically in milliseconds. The value provides a quantitative measure of the performance aspect being tracked by the metric. The source of the value depends on the specific metric being measured and can come from various Performance APIs.

Web Vitals

Web Vitals are a set of useful metrics that aim to capture the user experience of a web page. The following web vitals are all included:

You can handle all the results of these metrics using the name property.

'use client'
import { useReportWebVitals } from 'next/web-vitals'
export function WebVitals() {
  useReportWebVitals((metric) => {
    switch ( {
      case 'FCP': {
        // handle FCP results
      case 'LCP': {
        // handle LCP results
      // ...

Usage on Vercel

Vercel Speed Insights are automatically configured on Vercel deployments, and don't require the use of useReportWebVitals. This hook is useful in local development, or if you're using a different analytics service.

Sending results to external systems

You can send results to any endpoint to measure and track real user performance on your site. For example:

useReportWebVitals((metric) => {
  const body = JSON.stringify(metric)
  const url = ''
  // Use `navigator.sendBeacon()` if available, falling back to `fetch()`.
  if (navigator.sendBeacon) {
    navigator.sendBeacon(url, body)
  } else {
    fetch(url, { body, method: 'POST', keepalive: true })

Good to know: If you use Google Analytics, using the id value can allow you to construct metric distributions manually (to calculate percentiles, etc.)

useReportWebVitals(metric => {
  // Use `window.gtag` if you initialized Google Analytics as this example:
  window.gtag('event',, {
    value: Math.round( === 'CLS' ? metric.value * 1000 : metric.value), // values must be integers
    event_label:, // id unique to current page load
    non_interaction: true, // avoids affecting bounce rate.

Read more about sending results to Google Analytics.