Skip to content

Custom App

Next.js uses the App component to initialize pages. You can override it and control the page initialization and:

  • Create a shared layout between page changes
  • Inject additional data into pages
  • Add global CSS


To override the default App, create the file pages/_app as shown below:

import type { AppProps } from 'next/app'
export default function MyApp({ Component, pageProps }: AppProps) {
  return <Component {...pageProps} />

The Component prop is the active page, so whenever you navigate between routes, Component will change to the new page. Therefore, any props you send to Component will be received by the page.

pageProps is an object with the initial props that were preloaded for your page by one of our data fetching methods, otherwise it's an empty object.

Good to know

getInitialProps with App

Using getInitialProps in App will disable Automatic Static Optimization for pages without getStaticProps.

We do not recommend using this pattern. Instead, consider incrementally adopting the App Router, which allows you to more easily fetch data for pages and layouts.

import App, { AppContext, AppInitialProps, AppProps } from 'next/app'
type AppOwnProps = { example: string }
export default function MyApp({
}: AppProps & AppOwnProps) {
  return (
      <p>Data: {example}</p>
      <Component {...pageProps} />
MyApp.getInitialProps = async (
  context: AppContext
): Promise<AppOwnProps & AppInitialProps> => {
  const ctx = await App.getInitialProps(context)
  return { ...ctx, example: 'data' }