Script Component

Version History
VersionChanges
v11.0.0next/script introduced.

The Next.js Script component enables developers to set the loading priority of third-party scripts to save developer time and improve loading performance.

Websites often need third parties for things like analytics, ads, customer support widgets, and consent management. However, these scripts tend to be heavy on loading performance and can drag down the user experience. Developers often struggle to decide where to place them in an application for optimal loading.

With next/script, you can define the strategy property and Next.js will optimize loading for the script:

  • beforeInteractive: For critical scripts that need to be fetched and executed before the page is interactive, such as bot detection and consent management. These scripts are injected into the initial HTML from the server and run before self-bundled JavaScript is executed.
  • afterInteractive (default): For scripts that can fetch and execute after the page is interactive, such as tag managers and analytics. These scripts are injected on the client-side and will run after hydration.
  • lazyOnload For scripts that can wait to load during idle time, such as chat support and social media widgets.

Note:

  • <Script> supports inline scripts with afterInteractive and lazyOnload strategy.
  • Inline scripts wrapped with <Script> require an id attribute to be defined to track and optimize the script.

Usage

Previously, you needed to define script tags inside the Head of your Next.js page.

// Before

// pages/index.js
import Head from 'next/head'

export default function Home() {
  return (
    <>
      <Head>
        <script async src="https://www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js" />
      </Head>
    </>
  )
}

Now, you use next/script in the body of your Next.js page. It has client-side functionality that decides when and how to load the remote script based on the strategy.

Note:

  • next/script must not be placed in either a next/head component or in pages/_document.js.
// After

// pages/index.js
import Script from 'next/script'

export default function Home() {
  return (
    <>
      <Script src="https://www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js" />
    </>
  )
}

Examples

Loading Polyfills

import Script from 'next/script'

export default function Home() {
  return (
    <>
      <Script
        src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=IntersectionObserverEntry%2CIntersectionObserver"
        strategy="beforeInteractive"
      />
    </>
  )
}

Lazy-Loading

import Script from 'next/script'

export default function Home() {
  return (
    <>
      <Script
        src="https://connect.facebook.net/en_US/sdk.js"
        strategy="lazyOnload"
      />
    </>
  )
}

Executing Code After Loading (onLoad)

import Script from 'next/script'

export default function Home() {
  return (
    <>
      <Script
        id="stripe-js"
        src="https://js.stripe.com/v3/"
        onLoad={() => {
          this.setState({ stripe: window.Stripe('pk_test_12345') })
        }}
      />
    </>
  )
}

Inline Scripts

import Script from 'next/script'

<Script id="show-banner" strategy="lazyOnload">
  {`document.getElementById('banner').removeClass('hidden')`}
</Script>

// or

<Script
  id="show-banner"
  dangerouslySetInnerHTML={{
    __html: `document.getElementById('banner').removeClass('hidden')`
  }}
/>

Forwarding Attributes

import Script from 'next/script'

export default function Home() {
  return (
    <>
      <Script
        src="https://www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js"
        id="analytics"
        nonce="XUENAJFW"
        data-test="analytics"
      />
    </>
  )
}