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Core Web Vitals

First Input Delay (FID)

The First Input Delay (FID) metric is the perception of an end user’s experience while interacting with a web page. Imagine clicking inside an input box only for nothing to happen – this frustration with the interactivity and responsiveness of a site is caused by large input delays.

FID requires real user data and cannot be measured in the lab (e.g. Google Lighthouse). However, the Total Blocking Time (TBT) metric is lab-measurable and captures issues that affect interactivity.

FID happens when the browser’s main thread is performing other tasks and is unable to respond to the user’s request.

Quick Review

What does First Input Delay (FID) measure?